Flagyl is a medication that contains the antibiotic Metronidazole, which is included in the antibiotic group called nitroimidazoles. Flagyl is active against a large variety of bacteria, but also other microorganisms and parasites, such as protozoal infections.
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How effective Is Metronidazole?
Flagyl is a first-line treatment for infections caused by species of Clostridium difficile. The antibiotic is most effective when employed against bacteria that are anaerobic, which means that they don’t need oxygen to function and multiply. Flagyl (Metronidazole) is also active against Helicobacter pylori, which is a species of bacteria that may be implicated in the formation of stomach ulcers. The antibiotic is used as eradication therapy, which may result in the healing of the bothersome ulcers. Besides being used systemically, which means that the antibiotic is administered internally, Metronidazole may be included in topical preparations and creams for conditions such as rosacea. Flagyl, specifically, is used as an antibiotic that is administered orally for various infections. It is very important to establish the nature of the detected infection prior to initiating any type of therapy with Flagyl. The reason for this diagnostic precision is derived from the necessity to avoid treating viral infections with Metronidazole, because it does not yield any results.
Flagyl, just like other antibiotics, is not effective against any type of viruses, so a diagnosis of bacterial or protozoal infection is necessary prior to starting treatment with Metronidazole. The antibiotic is frequently prescribed by physicians for conditions such as bacterial vaginosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, pseudomembranous colitis and other infections caused by anaerobic species of bacteria.
How does Flagyl work to inhibit infections and eliminate the harmful bacteria?
Metronidazole, which is the active ingredient of Flagyl, is an antibiotic that may work in two ways to stop an infection. It penetrates the bacterial cell and binds to certain vital enzymes, which leads to a modification of the enzyme structure. The modified bacterial enzymes cannot function effectively, which leads to an abnormal bacterial metabolism and bacterial elimination. Metronidazole also penetrates the DNA of certain bacterial species and blocks the growth and multiplication processes that are initiated at the DNA level. Flagyl may be effective against certain bacteria, but may be ineffective against other species, which means that a solid diagnosis of the infection needs to be performed by a qualified physician. It is not recommended to consume alcohol during Flagyl treatment because toxic interactions may be possible.
Flagyl: Rare side effects
The antibiotic is approved officially and has passed numerous clinical tests determining its safety. Side effects are possible, and they may include nausea, a metallic taste present in the mouth and episodes of diarrhea. Other rare side effects are also possible, so make sure you are properly monitored during Flagyl treatment by qualified medical experts who can initiate dosage adjustments and manage any potential adverse effects if they occur.